Layout tag: menubar
Create a menubar for this window.
A menubar is traditionally at the top of your window, containing various possible actions. It is not uncommon to link some of them to shortcut keys, or to connect them to buttons visible on the window itself. BUI lets you define a menubar with menu items and sub-menus very easily:
<window title="Menubar demo"> <menubar> <menu name="File"> <item>Quit</item> </menu> </menubar> </window>
Creating a menubar involves three tags: menubar, menu and item.
To define a layout, in your menubar, you first need to create one or more menus. The menus are traditionally horizontal labels on which the user of your application can click to unfold what the menu contains. You might see a lot of applications with menus “file”, “edit”, “view” and so on.
menu tags should be inside a menubar tag. A menubar must have at least one menu, and can span on several menus.
Each menu can then contain either:
- item: menu items, which can be selected. Selecting and clicking on a menu item will close the menubar and fire a control.
- menu: other menus, they will behave as sub-menus.
In layout, the menubar should be defined at the top of the window. While not absolutely necessary, this is clearer in design. Positioning the menubar on the window grid is not necessary (we let the operating system do that).
Here’s a simple example of a menubar with two menus, “File” and “Edit”, and several choices in each menu.
<window ...> <menubar> <menu name="File"> <item>New...</item> <item>Open...</item> <item>Save...</item> <item>Quit</item> </menu> <menu name="Edit"> <item>Cut</item> <item>Copy</item> <item>Paste</item> </menu> </menubar> ... </window>
We can also use the menu tag to create sub-menus inside of menus. Replace the item tag by menu, give it a name, and place the items (or other menus) inside of it:
<window ...> <menubar> <menu name="File"> <item>New...</item> <item>Open...</item> <menu name="Import"> <item>A file...</item> <item>A folder</item> </menu> <item>Quit</item> </menu> </menubar> ... </window>
This will create a menubar with only one menu: “File”. Inside of it are four choices: “new”, “open”, “import” and “quit”. “Import” is a sub-menu, so by clicking on it we have two choices: import a file or import a folder.
The menubar has no attribute.
The menubar has no data to get or modify through the BUI API. Usually one will manipulate the menu widgets, or the menu item widgets.
The menubar has no control. Most of the time, you will simply use the controls of the item widget.